In 2010, ICECAP started development of a programmatic CDM project in Zambia.  Despite the precipitous fall in the carbon price, ICECAP has been able to grow this project through an innovative financing structure, and currently has installed 40,000 fuel efficient stoves into households in rural Zambia.

UNFCCC Project Website


  • 3Rocks 5
  • 3Rocks 4
  • 3Rocks 3
  • 3Rocks 1
  • 3Rocks 2
  • 3Rocks 6

The replacement of open fire cooking (3 stone fires) with a bespoke efficient wood burning stove has extensive benefits.


Social Benefits

Fuel gathering

  • Rural women and girls spend large amounts of time collecting wood for traditional fires, this time will be cut significantly.


  • For young girls, long journeys to gather firewood for cooking fuel take time from school attendance and studies


  • Reducing indoor air pollution (IAP), through reduced biomass usage and a higher cooking temperature, is the key benefit to the users health. WHO estimates exposure to IAP from 3-stone fires is the equivalent of smoking 2 packets of cigarette a day.
  • Studies showed that the “kitchen killer” was responsible for 1.6 million global deaths in 2002


  • Food is eaten warm as household no longer have to wait for smoke to dissipate
  • Pots have a longer lifespan and are easier to clean.

Environmental Benefits

Climate Change

  • The reduction in the usage of non-renewable biomass helps prevent approximately 3.6 tonnes of carbon dioxide, the most prolific greenhouse gas, being released per stove per year


  • Stoves will obviously consume less firewood, helping to prevent deforestation due to the unsustainable gathering of firewood from native forests

Habitat destruction

  • Human encroachment on existing natural forest eco-systems that protect and maintain key wildlife habitats and migration routes, will be reduced


  • Standing forests ensure the maintenance of watersheds that regulate water table levels and prevent flash flooding